Demonstration of vineyard irrigation with reclaimed water
4 June, 2050
Waste water source
Domestic wastewater is treated by the wastewater treatment plant of Narbonne Plage which is operated by Veolia. A second wastewater treatment plant has been considered but finally aborted because of a high salinity content due to saltwater intrusion into the sewage network.
Reclaimed water is distributed through a pipe network to the plots.
Reclaimed water beneficiaries are intensively cultivated vineyards (wine production).
Waste water treatment description
Nutrient removal : Wastewater is treated using a bio-filter for nutrient removal, followed by filtration.
Pesticide removal : none
Disinfection : In order to fulfill different water quality standards, two processes have been implemented. At first UV disinfection, followed by chlorination to achieve B quality. One the other hand, only chlorination is used to achieve C quality.
Suspended solids removal : none
The Narbonne plage wastewater treatment plant has an average discharge of 650 m³/day. However, as a touristic area, volumes increase drastically during the summer period.
Extent of the agricultural beneficiaries
This project is divided into several stages. The experimental stage 1 involves 1.5 ha of the INRA research center of Pech Rouge. Stage 2’s objective is to investigate the effect of reclaimed water irrigation on water, and the soil and plant interaction. The aim of stage 3 is to upscale the beneficiaries by supplying 80 ha of vineyards. This area produces grapes for the cooperative winery of Cave de Gruissan.
The total cost of the project is 1.7 million euros. The cost of the reclaimed water is yet unknown.
Type of agreement
The initiative has an explorational status. The consortium set up a consortium agreement between the project partners.
Peer-reviewed papers and conferences:
chebarne, F., Aveni, P., Escudier, J.-L., & Ojeda, H. (2019). Reuse of treated wastewater in viticulture: Can it be an alternative source of nutrient-rich water? BIO Web of Conferences, 12, 01009
Several studies have been performed during that project in order to highlight a potential contamination from reclaimed water to the final product and soil quality. Those studies concluded to the following results:
(1) No impact on wine quality
(2) No impact on soil or groundwater quality
(3) Concentration of micropollutants below drinkable water limit
(4) No disinfection by-products
(5) Yield increase due to nutrient input
Stage 1 & stage 2 are implemented and have been operational for several years. Funds are required for stage 3 upscaling.